- Family name: Anacardiaceae
- Japanese name: MASUTEIKKU
- English name: mastic tree, Chios mastic tree
- Scientific name: Pistacia lentiscus
- Country of origin: Mediterranean coastal areas
- It is an evergreen shrub reaching a height of 2–5 m, reaching 1.5 m circumference of the trunk on the ground. Dioecious. In general, it has an even number (4-12) of leaflets forming feather-like compound leaves. The petiole is winged. Resin is collected from approximately 6 years after planting. Propagation is performed by seeding or cutting.
It has been cultivated mainly in the southern part of Chios, Greece for over 2,500 years. Resin is collected from the bark from July to October. The resin is transparent and vitreous, has a pale yellow color, and easily breaks. This kind of frankincense is known as "maple fat perfume" and is indicated as a chewing material and perfume material. In ancient Egypt, it was used for embalming of corpses.
Hard resin (chewing gum, incense, perfume, medicine, cosmetics, varnish)
AL-Saghir, M.G. and Porter, D.M. 2012. Taxonomic revision of the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). American Journal of Plant Science 3: 12-32.
Browics, K. 1987. Pistacia lentiscus cv. Chia (Anacardiaceae) on Chios island. Plant Systematics and Evolution 155: 189-195.
Coppen, J.J.W. 1995. Gum, resins and latexes of plant origin: Non-wood
forest products 6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Rome, Italy. (http://www.fao.org/docrep/v9236e/V9236e00.htm)
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