- Family name: Fabaceae
- Japanese name: KOCHOBOKU
- English name: mountain ebony, orchid tree, camel's foot, Napoleon's hat, paper mulberry,
poor man's orchid, bauhinia
- Scientific name: Bauhinia variegata (Phanera variegata）
- Country of origin: Asia (southern China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam), Latin America (Colombia)
It is a deciduous shrubs or middle tree with height of 15 m and trunk diameters of approximately 50 cm. In the Arid Land Research Center, it blooms from the end of April to early May. In its natural habitat, the leaves falls in winter and the flowers bloom before the leaves open. As early as 2 to 3 years old age will come to flower. Has heat tolerance and strong xerotolerance, but weak cold tolerance and fire resistance. It tends to grow in soil with sufficient sunlight and good drainage. It can be cultivated in areas with annual precipitation of 500–2,500 mm, and annual mean temperature of 0–47°C. Propagation is performed by seeding or cutting.
Leaf (food, animal feed), flower (food), flower bud (food), trunk/branch (fuel, lumber), bark (fiber, medicine), gum, tannin (dye)
Chen, D., Zhang, D, Larsen, K. and Larsen, S.S. 2010. Bauhinia. Flora of China 10: 6-21. (http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=103634)
Orwa, C., Mutua, A., Kindt, R., Jamnadass, R., Anthony, S. 2009. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0 (http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp)
Return to List
〒680-0001 鳥取市浜坂1390 TEL 0857-23-3411
Copyright © 2014 Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University. All Rights Reserved.