- Family name: Fabaceae
- Japanese name:
- English name: hook thorn, black thorn
- Scientific name: Acacia mellifera (Senegalia mellifera)
- Country of origin: Africa (eastern region), Arabian Peninsula
- It is a shrub 2–10 m in height. It has strong heat tolerance and grows in the range of annual precipitation of 250–700 mm. It blooms and bears fruit at the end of the dry season, and the leaves subsequently open. Leaves fall during dry season. There are three colors of seed coat: green, brown, and greenish brown. Propagation is performed by seeding. Because the wood is hard and resistant to termites, it is used as building material and for hedges. It is also used for agroforestry.
Trunk/branch (lumber, firewood, fences), root (medicine, fiber: cages), leaf (animal feed/medicine), pod (animal feed), flower (animal feed, nectar), bark (medicine), bast (fiber: wickerwork ), gum (food)
Fatima, A.H., Mamoun, A.M. 2013. The relationship between seed polymorphism
and germination of Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth. seeds. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 3: 11-2.
Hines, D.A. and Eckman, K. 1993. Indigenous multipurpose trees of Tanzania:
Uses and economic benefits for people. Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. (http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5327e/x5327e00.htm#Contents)
Orwa, C., Mutua, A., Kindt, R., Jamnadass, R. and Anthony, S. 2009. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0 (http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp)
Sekhwela, M.B.M., Yates, D.J 2007. A phenological study of dominant acacia
tree species in areas with different rainfall regimes in the Kalahari of
Botswana. Journal of Arid Eivironments 70: 1-17.
Wickens, G.E. 1995. Role of Acacia Species in the Rural Economy of Dry
Africa and the Near East. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations, Rome Italy. (http://www.fao.org/docrep/v5360e/v5360e00.htm#Contents)
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